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Finding Tenants

8 Methods for Tenants to Show Proof of Income

Once you’ve identified a great tenant, but before any contract is signed, it is paramount to screen tenants and require them to provide proof of income for an apartment. For tenancy confirmation, it’s common for screenings to require a certain level of income – typically, this is three times the cost of the rent.

Here are eight of the most common ways for tenants to provide proof of income for a unit:

1. Pay Stubs

Pay stubs are the gold standard of providing income as they include many relevant pieces of information. Some of these examples include employee’s name, employer’s name, gross income, contact details, and payment frequency.

A landlord should be requesting two to three months of pay stubs. This way, one can gauge the fluctuations that occur every month and see if the tenant’s income is sufficient for the unit. Bonuses and overtime may not be reliable enough to justify approving a prospective tenant.

Pros:

  • Easy to read
  • Easy to obtain
  • Easy to verify

Cons:

  • Easy to make fake pay stubs
  • Overtime can indicate higher income
  • Employers can’t verify employee income over the phone

2. Bank Statement

As bank statements are issued monthly, they give a detailed window into the financial activity of a tenant. The prospective tenant’s deposits, fees, withdrawals, and spending are visible to the landlord, containing extremely sensitive information.

Unlike the pay stubs above, this document should be the final type of statement you request. Due to sensitivity regarding the private information, supplying this document may make the renter uncomfortable.

Pros:

  • Easy to collect
  • Display current information
  • Landlord can see cash balance

Cons:

  • Easy to make fake bank statements
  • Time-consuming to analyze
  • Sensitive information

3. Social Security Statement

The social security statement is given out by the Social Security Administration (SSA). This document gives an accurate view of the income of a prospective renter who is receiving checks from the government.

Using the tenant’s earning history, the SSA can determine the future benefits he or she will receive. However, although an official document, the renter should be made aware that payments from the federal government may be volatile with changing laws in Congress.

Pros:

  • Assist in viewing retiree income
  • Show consistent income
  • Easy to check if fraudulent

Cons:

  • Fluctuating income from changing laws
  • Tenant must request letter verification of earnings
  • Unable to see tenant finance history

4. W-2 Income Statement

The W-2 statement is the standard document used by the government to verify income for tax purposes. This official tax document is an ideal verification as it’s also directly from the employer.

Although perfect for confirming financial status, it doesn’t necessarily consider the tenant’s recent raises, promotions, or job changes.

Pros:

  • Document from the employer
  • Official government document

Cons:

  • May not take into account the current status.
  • Not a standard form for a renter to have handy.

5. IRS 1099 Form

In the event the prospective tenant acquires income via freelancing, this is a perfect form of proof of income. A person who earns more than $600 a month from freelance work must fill out the 1099 form.

If they wish to use this method for verification, they will need to provide a few month’s worth of documents. A number of these documents are required so the tenant can prove they can have a stable income without working a conventional job.

Pros:

  • Easy calculation to prove if the prospective tenants earn enough

Cons:

  • Slight risk with a person who doesn’t have consistent income.

6. Tax Returns

Tax returns (aka. 1040 Tax Return) are either supplementary documentation for a W-2 income statement or proof of self-employment. Additionally, the information on tax returns is also covered in the IRS 1099 form.

A versatile form, the 1040 gives insight into the tenant’s financial history from the previous year.

Pros:

  • Verification of previous addresses, wages and social security numbers.

Cons:

  • An incorrectly filed tax form can disqualify a prospective tenant who may have been approved

7. Severance Statement

One of the more unfortunate methods of proving income is the severance statement. When people are laid off but looking for a short-term lease, this may be an option for verification. The information provides evidence of a lump sum given to the tenant, representing their pay.

As this is a one-time payment, it’s advised that the landlord treads carefully due to the uncertainty of the person’s financial position. Conversely, the large lump sum may be sufficient to pay for the entire short-term rent in a transaction.

Pros:

  • Potentially a large sum paid up-front.

Cons:

  • A very stressful timer is started as the prospective tenant looks for more work.

8. Profit & Loss (P&L) Statement

A business owner may be inclined to submit a P&L statement for verification of income. While tending to be supplemented with other documents, the P&L gives an overview of earnings and expenses. This statement can be pulled out from records by a bookkeeper.

Outside of the specific businesses, the tenant may have other avenues of income. The prospective renter could use the 1040 tax return to prove self-employment and the renter’s financial history.

Pros:

  • Difficult to forge.
  • Demonstrates ability to pay long-term rent.

Cons:

  • Verification needed with bank statement and tax return comparisons.
  • Time-consuming review proof of renter’s business

Final Words

With such several verification methods, it’s vital to be aware of a prospective tenant’s diverse background. Finding the right tenant for your property can take a comprehensive check into their finances, but considering the long-term agreement – a firm decision process is justified.

Furthermore, it’s essential to remember finances are just one aspect of a tenant screening. At Landlord Studio, there’s a comprehensive feature that scores potential renters based on the following factors:

  • Full Credit Report with ResidentScore
  • SSN Verification/Address History
  • Nationwide Criminal & Sex Offender Search
  • Nationwide Evictions
  • Bankruptcies
  • Applicant Pay Option

Evictions can cost a landlord anywhere between $2500 and $3000; performing background checks is a small price to pay to avoid such an expense.

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